Heart failure is one of several heart problems characterized by decreased heart function. The heart cannot pump blood optimally throughout the body. But no need to worry, with the right treatment of heart failure can help maintain a healthy body while extending the life expectancy of the sufferer.
What are the treatment options for heart failure?
Heart failure can be said to be a chronic disease that requires lifelong care. Changes to a healthier lifestyle are considered to help improve symptoms but must be accompanied by various treatments for heart failure to stabilize the heart's condition and overall body health.
Various options for treating heart failure, such as:
1. Consumption of medicines Overall, drugs will be used to control symptoms and maximize the work of the heart to pump blood. Your doctor will prescribe the type of medication depending on the symptoms you are experiencing, including:
• Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: to dilate blood vessels, reduce blood pressure, and improve blood flow to reduce the workload of the heart.
• Angiotensin II receptor blockers: the benefits are not much different from ACE inhibitors, usually used as an alternative for patients who cannot take ACE inhibitors.
• Beta blockers: can improve an abnormal heart rate, reduce blood pressure, and reduce heart damage.
• diuretic pills: can reduce the build-up of abnormal fluid in the body.
• Aldosterone antagonists: a type of diuretic drug that does not deplete calcium levels in the body, but can help people with severe systolic heart failure.
• Inotropic: including drugs given intravenously in patients with severe heart failure, to improve heart function and stabilize blood pressure.
• Digoxin: can increase heart muscle strength while reducing symptoms of heart failure in patients with systolic heart failure. This drug can also be given to people who have problems with heart rhythm, such as atrial fibrillation.
You may need one or more types of medication to improve the condition. Giving other drugs, such as to relieve chest pain, reduce cholesterol, and prevent blood clots, can be given by doctors along with medications for heart failure.
2. Heart bypass surgery Heart bypass surgery is usually more intended for those who have coronary heart disease, due to the narrowing of the arteries that are responsible for supplying oxygen to the heart. When this blocked artery leads to heart failure, the doctor will recommend heart bypass surgery.
This procedure uses blood vessels from other parts of the body as a new shortcut to the blocked arteries, to drain blood back to the heart.
3. Surgery for repairing or replacing heart valves If a damaged heart valve has the potential to cause heart failure, the treatment option to do is to repair the heart valve. Valve repair can be done by reconnecting the damaged valve, or removing the excess valve network so that it can be completely closed.
While heart valve replacement is done when it is not possible to replace the valve. In this procedure, the damaged valve is replaced with an artificial valve.
4. Ventricular assist devices (VADD), VAD is a tool used to prevent severe heart failure. VADs are in the form of implant pumps implanted in the abdomen or chest, with the role of pumping blood from the lower heart space (ventricles) throughout the body.
VAD can also be used as an alternative for patients with severe heart failure who do not qualify for a heart transplant.
5. Heart transplant, Heart transplantation is usually the last choice for people with serious heart failure, even if drug consumption cannot help recovery. On the other hand, heart transplants are believed to improve the quality of life of patients with heart failure.
But not in a fast process, sufferers still have to be patient waiting for the proper heart donor. It is important to remember that heart transplants are not a method of treating heart failure that can be used by everyone. This will be adjusted back to the health condition, symptoms of the disease, and its benefits to your body.