Have you ever been scratched by a cat? If so, you may only feel temporary pain and may not think too much about it. It might look trivial and harmless. However, actually, cat scratches can cause disease. Cat scratches or cat bites can cause a disease known as cat scratch fever. This cat-clogged disease can cause serious complications. How can?
Cat scratch fever, also known as cat scratch disease (CSD) is a bacterial infection caused by being bitten or scratched by a cat.
You can experience this disease from bites or scratches of cats infected with Bartonella henselae bacteria. Even this bacterial infection can come from the bite of a kitten.
You can also get infected with this disease if saliva from an infected cat enters an open wound or touches the white part of your eye.
In addition, bacterial infections from cats can be carried by fleas and spread to humans through scratches or bites.
Cat scratch fever can have serious complications such as impaired heart function and brain damage when left untreated. Other side effects include a headache, fever, and swollen lymph nodes.
What are the symptoms of cats infected with bacteria?
Cats infected with B. henselae bacteria generally do not cause symptoms or cause cats to get sick. This is the reason that you cannot always find out whether the cat is the carrier.
Cats may have these bacteria from infected lice. In very rare cases, humans can get bacteria directly from lice.
What are the symptoms of paint scratch fever in humans?
Common symptoms of scratch fever paint in humans include:
• lumps or blisters used to bite or scratch cats
• swollen lymph nodes in the place of a bite or scratched by a cat which usually occurs 1-3 weeks
• a headache
• mild fever
• aches Less common symptoms include:
• loss of appetite
• weight loss
• a sore throat Rare symptoms can be associated with a more severe version of the disease.
These symptoms include:
• back pain
• stomach ache
• joint pain
• prolonged fever
Lumps or blisters can occur on the skin at the site of infection 3-10 days after exposure. Other symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes, may not occur for several days or weeks. Swollen lymph nodes usually occur between one and three weeks.
What are the treatments for paint scratch fever?
Because most cases of paint scratch fever that occur are mild, doctors will not always prescribe treatment. If symptoms are moderate to severe, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
Home care for the condition includes a few days' rests at home and taking over-the-counter pain relievers if the lymph nodes are painful or very soft.
You can also use over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium to reduce swelling and pain. Hot compresses can also help.
To free a very tight and painful gland, your doctor can gently insert a needle into it and drain the fluid.
If you have a problem with your immune system or your symptoms have not disappeared in two months, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. This can prevent infection from spreading to other places in your body, such as your liver or bones. You need to take this medicine for a few months until you recover.